Firaxis Games left Civilization 5 in a good place after the Gods and Kings expansion pack, though it seems like additional tweaks may be coming soon in another DLC drop, called One World. The title was spotted and posted about on the 2K Games forums (via Joystiq) by users exploring the ever-reliable Steam database listing.
Peeks at the Steam database have, in the past, offered advance reveals of imminent Steam releases like Superbrothers: Sword & Sworcery and the Mac version of Call of Duty: Black Ops. As far as Civ 5 goes, there's nothing more than a title to be gleaned from the database listing. One World may well be nothing more than a few new civs, or it may be another full game revision on the scale of Gods and Kings.
We've reached out to 2K for comment and will update this post accordingly when we hear more.